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Concert For Bees
My name is Brent Cunningham; I am a bee lover, entrepreneur, environmentalist, community developer, and urban and regional planner. I have started an online campaign called concert4dabees (twitter: @concert4dabees). A BENEFIT CONCERT is a great idea to raise money for research and development, and to increase awareness for SAVING THE BEES. Preferably funds will assist research at the Harry H. Laidlaw Jr. Honey Bee Research Facility at the University of California (The largest bee research facility in North America). However through partnership, the direction of funds could go to other areas. I am reaching out to several organizations to see if they would partner for this event.
Currently, I am participating in developing organic gardening community development bee friendly programs in my hometown. In addition, I have created an apparel line called B.E.E. (BEAT EVERY ENEMY) Clothing Company. B.E.E. was created in 2012, and honestly I was not aware of the decline in bee population when I started the company. However, I have become actively involved with increasing awareness, using the apparel industry as a platform.
I am seeking partnership with beekeepers, environmentalists, organic enthusiasts, and various other organizations to make this event happen. Funding is one of the main issues to address. However, I want to create a Kickstarter campaign that will help raise money for the event. If you would like to partner, please let me know. Let’s make a CONCERT FOR THE BEES a reality. All suggestions are welcomed! Thank you for reading this message!
B.E.E. Clothing Co.
Phony honey a sweet deal for counterfeiters, bad for consumers
Date: February 26, 2014
Source: Texas A&M University
Summary: Consumers buying honey might not be getting what they pay for according to one of the world’s leading honey experts, who is supporting a U.S. Senate bill that would, if passed, put more stringent requirements on the federal government to ensure the origin of imported honey and compel sellers to label it accurately.
Consumers buying honey might not be getting what they pay for according to a Texas A&M University professor and one of the world's leading honey experts, who is supporting a U.S. Senate bill that would, if passed, put more stringent requirements on the federal government to ensure the origin of imported honey and compel sellers to label it accurately.
Vaughn Bryant, an anthropology professor at Texas A&M and a melissopalynologist ― someone who studies the pollen in honey ― tested honey samples from grocery and big box stores, farmers markets, and natural food and drug stores around the country and found more than 75 percent of the honey being sold has all of the pollen filtered out, according to Food Safety News, which sponsored the study.
"Large importing companies take all the pollen out of honey because they claim it makes the honey clearer and prevents crystallization, therefore making it easier to sell," Bryant explains. "However, by removing the pollen, you also remove clues needed to verify where the honey was produced and what nectar sources are dominant. This means that with no traces of pollen, honey sellers can take cheap honey and claim it's a type that sells for a premium price."
Certain types of premium honey can sell for upwards of $50 a jar, and this high price has opened the door for honey fraud.
The FDA doesn't require pollen in honey sold in the U.S., Bryant says, so importers are free to remove it. "This makes it possible for some companies to buy cheap honey with no pollen and there are no clues to know where it comes from," he asserts.
Bryant, who has a modern pollen reference collection of 20,000 types from all over the world (worth, he estimates, between $4-5 million), uses it and his microscope to identify hundreds of pollen types found in honey samples from around the world.
By identifying the type of pollen in a honey sample, he can tell where the honey came from and what nectar sources were used.
"There are about 350,000 different species of plants and each species produces a unique pollen type," the professor explains. "Plants are best suited to specific ecological conditions. You don't find mesquite trees growing in Canada and you don't find spruce or fir trees growing in Texas. If I find mesquite pollen in a honey sample, I know it didn't come from Canada, or if I find spruce or fir pollen in a honey sample, I know it's not from Texas."
Knowing where honey comes from is important not only for accurate pricing, says Bryant, but also because different countries have different standards about pesticides and using antibiotics in hives to keep the bees disease-free. To help regulate honey safety, "We have strict import laws that apply to honey coming from certain countries," he says.
The U.S. also has high tariffs or taxes on the honey from some countries, such as China.
"China is the world's leading producer of honey," Bryant points out. "They need to export a lot of it and in the past they were accused of 'dumping' their excess honey on the market at prices below the world price. This was hurting the U.S. beekeeping industry, so the U.S. put a high tariff on Chinese honey. After that, Chinese honey was too expensive to import, so one solution was to sell it to other countries. Some of those other countries then resold the Chinese honey to the U.S. claiming the honey was produced in the second country. This is called 'transshipping' and it is illegal and has been a big problem."
Bryant has come out in support of Senate bill S-662, a customs reauthorization bill. One of the bill's provisions will require that appropriate U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency resources exist to address concerns that honey, as well as contraband archaeological or ethnological material, is not being imported into the U.S. in violation of U.S. customs laws. That provision is designed to help stop honey transshipments by requiring CBP to compile a database of the individual characteristics of imported honey to verify country of origin and engage foreign governments for assistance in creating the database. The CBP would also be required to consult with the honey industry to develop industry standards for honey identification and report to Congress on testing capabilities, including recommendations for improvements. Also the FDA would be required to establish a national standard for honey identification.
"If this bill is passed, it would require sellers to be accurate in terms of what they put on honey labels," notes Bryant. "There is no law now that requires that type of 'truth in labeling' for honey. This new Senate bill would ensure that consumers get what they're paying for and it will help the honest beekeepers sell their honey."
Preventing the importation of cheap, bogus honey is vital to ensuring the survival of U.S. beekeepers, says the professor. "Without them and without the bees they raise, many of our food crops would not get pollinated and produce the fruits and nuts we consume.
"If beekeeping becomes a money-losing business in the U.S., there will soon be fewer bees and hives," Bryant contends. "That, in turn, will greatly increase the cost of food. The result might be oranges or apples, both pollinated by bees, costing $5 each because so few are produced without adequate pollination."
National Honey Board Funds New Honey Bee Research Projects Focusing on Honey Bee Health
Firestone, Colo., February 7, 2014 – The National Honey
Board has approved funding for eight new research projects focusing on honey bee
health. The Board’s Research Committee,
with input from anindependent panel of experts, selected the projects from 25proposals
received from researchers around the world. The total dollar commitment for the eight projects is $235,646.In addition, the
Board’s 2014 budget includes $50,500 for ongoing bee research projects from
The eight new
projects approved for funding in 2014 include:
1. "Are virus
levels reduced in honey bees from propolis-stimulated hives?,” Dr. Kim Mogen,
University of Wisconsin-River Falls.
stressed sunflowers: Impacts on pollen nutritional value and concentrations of
seed treated pesticides,” Dr. Dennis vanEngelsdorp, University of Maryland.
use of Acetobacteriacea Alpha 2.2 for improving honey bee colony health,” Dr.
Vanessa Corby-Harris and Dr. Kirk E. Anderson, USDA Carl Hayden Bee Research
potential of predatory mite (Stratiolaelapsscimitus) as a biological control
agent for Varroa mites and testing Amitraz (Apivar) efficacy and mite
resistance,” Dr. Ramesh Sagili and AshrafunNessa, Oregon State University.
5. "A proteomic
approach to evaluate effects of fumagillin and discover new target genes for
treatment of Nosemaceranae in honey bees,” Dr. LeellenSolter, University of
the contribution of supplemental feeding to honey bee (Apismellifera) colony
strength, Nosema virulence, and detoxification gene activity,” Dr. Daniel
Schmehl, University of Florida.
evaluation of a novel resistance mechanism of bees against Varroa,” Dr. Greg
Hunt, Purdue University.
exposure and toxicity of neonicotinoid insecticides to honeybees via flowering
field margins: The importance of continual pesticide exposure in bee forage,”
Dr. Jonathan Lundgren and Dr. Christina Mogren, USDA-ARS, Brookings, SD. Scott
Fausti, South Dakota State University.
Honey bee research projects funded by the National Honey
Board are listed on the Board’s website, www.honey.com. Visitors can click on the "Honey Industry”
tab and then go to "Honey and Bee Research” for further information on ongoing and
completed projects. The call for proposals for 2015 funding is expected to be
posted on the Board’s website by the end of August, with proposals due by
The National Honey Board is an industry-funded
agriculture promotion group that works to educate consumers about the benefits
and uses for honey and honey products through research, marketing and
LA Takes First Step Toward Legalizing Urban Beekeeping
After a lengthy lobbying effort from bee lovers, Los
Angeles is finally taking the first steps to legalize urban beekeeping in the
By Maryam Henein,
After a lengthy lobbying effort from bee lovers, Los
Angeles is finally taking the first steps to legalize urban beekeeping in the
city. On February 12th, the Los Angeles City Council ordered a review of the
city’s zoning laws to allow urban beekeeping in residential areas.
"The hearing went as well as it possibly could go,” says
Rob McFarland, co-founder of the Los Angeles beekeeping nonprofit HoneyLove.
"We got a 15-0 unanimous vote to order a feasibility study.” McFarland and his
wife Chelsea, along with several urban beekeepers and bee lovers, have been
working on this effort for three years.
The 60 to 90 day study, which will eventually allow
beekeeping in areas where there are single-family homes, will look to other
cities where beekeeping is already legal, and study their regulations and the
impacts of hives on the area. Santa Monica legalized urban beekeeping in 2011.
Cities such as Seattle, New York, and Denver have also legalized urban
beekeeping in the past few years to encourage local agriculture and boost the
health of the bee population.
Urban beekeeping, along with other rural pursuits like
raising chickens and planting edible gardens, has increased in popularity in
the past several years. These days, honeybees ironically do better in cities
than they do in the countryside. That’s because rural areas are doused with
pesticides and don’t offer the same variety of plants for diverse sources of
pollens year round.
In the underground scene, hundreds of beekeepers,
including myself, have already been discretely raising bees in the city’s
residential areas. But once urban beekeeping is officially legal there will
likely be strict guidelines. For instance, an average residential lot will only
be allowed two hives per property.
As Angelenos start to realize that their next door
neighbor may be keeping bees in their backyard one day soon, two questions
immediately come to mind. 1) Will I get stung? 2) What about "killer” bees?
"Education is necessary to soothe those fears,” says
The truth is that LA County is teaming with honeybees!
During swarm season in early spring, feral hives are found hiding in water
meters, walls, electrical boxes, compost bins, and trees all over the city,
according to McFarland who has been rescuing wild bees from extermination and
relocating them to backyards for several years.
Currently, there are about nine to 11 colonies per square
mile, so you are no more likely to get stung than you are already. "And a
managed colony is less likely to sting than a feral hive,” adds McFarland.
And when it comes to "killer” bees, they’ve been given a
bad rap and sensationalized by the media. What’s the sexier story: a dangerous
(bad ass) Africanized bee or an insect making honey and pollinating our food
Beekeepers estimate that 10 percent or fewer of the feral
hives they relocate are so aggressive that they must be destroyed. Likewise,
other strains of bees can behave badly if they’re mistreated.
If we really had a serious Africanized bee problem in LA,
people would be chased down the street every day. In reality, since Africanized
bees are actually more resilient to disease they’re superior. We need their
In my film Vanishing of the Bees, Simon Buxton, beekeeper and author
of the Shamanic Way of the Bees, says the future of bees relies on each person
having 60,000 bees rather than having one beekeeper with 60,000 hives. I agree
The truth is we need as many bees as possible since we’ve
been losing a third of them since 2006. It’s important to protect the bees that
thrive here locally, and finally that possibility is becoming a reality. Read
French Beekeeping Union (UNAF) Demands a Total Ban on ALL Neonicotinoids
Published Tuesday, February 11, 2014
In an open letter to the Minister of Agriculture , the National Union of French
Beekeepers ( UNAF) called for a total ban on the use of neonicotinoids ,
including acetamiprid and thiacloprid .
On 11 February, the UNAF said at its annual press conference that national
honey production was still down ( less than 15,000 tonnes).
Even if poor weather conditions in 2013 are partly responsible , theÂ
beekeeping union still believes that pesticides being used on rapeseed and
sunflower are also responsible .
Therefore, while regarding the recent partial ban of three neonicotinoids (
imidacloprid , clothianidin and thiamethoxam ) as an important first step,
beekeepers sent an open letter to Minister of Agriculture on February 10, 2014.
They demandÂ the application of the 'Precautionary Principle' and the complete
withdrawal of all neonicotinoid insecticides from the market.
UNAF wants the extension of the ban of these three active substances to all
crops , including small grains.
UNAF would also like the European Commission to urge EFSA to complete its
assessment of thiacloprid and acetamiprid .
A thorough revision of the Decree of 28 November 2003 on the bee mention is
also requested by the UNAF to strengthen the ban on pesticides during flowering
"We hope that the Minister of Agriculture will maintain the reference and
harden his attitude ," said Olivier Belval , President UNAF.
Honey Board Offers Newly Created Honey
Firestone, Colo., February 7, 2014 – The National Honey Board
(NHB) announced that it has produced a new honey cookbook entitled Delicious Dishes and Tasty Treats: Honey
Recipes for Every Occasion.
Delicious Dishes and Tasty Treats is a
seventy-four page, spiral bound cookbook that sits conveniently on any tabletop.
This functional design is not only stylish, but the spiral
binding allows for ease of transition between recipes. From appetizers to
entrees, side dishes and more, this honey cookbook has it all.
Not only is Delicious Dishes and Tasty Treats full
of mouth-watering honey-inspired recipes, but it also has functional and
educational tidbits when cooking and baking with honey. It walks users through
how honey interacts with different dishes, as well as breaks-down how to
substitute honey for other granulated sweeteners. Finally, readers are left with
a few cooking tips to get the most out of their honey-inspired dishes.
"We are pleased to offer this completely
redesigned cookbook to the honey industry,” said Catherine Barry, Marketing
Director for the National Honey Board. "The cookbook was highly requested before
and we know this fresh version will be just as popular in our ever-present goal
of promoting honey. With colorful images and useful information, each cookbook
is not only attractive, but also showcases the versatility of honey.”
The new cookbooks are available
for $5.00, in limited quantities. To order, please contact Andrea Brening, the
National Honey Board’s fulfillment coordinator at 800-553-7162.
The National Honey Board is an
industry-funded agriculture promotion group that works to educate consumers
about the benefits and uses for honey and honey products through research,
marketing and promotional programs.
National Honey Bee Advisory Board
Effects on non target
organisms not understood
The National Honey Bee
Advisory Board and beekeeping industry has greatly benefited from independent
scientific input. Beekeepers and farmers hope, and yet have concerns about RNA
technology, as described in the recent New York Times article, "Genetic
weapon against insects raises hope and fear in farming,” Link Above
(1-27-14). We agree with the findings of the EPA Scientific Advisory Panel
(SAP) concerning RNAi technology that "not all aspects of the fate of dsRNA in
the environment and potential effects on nontarget organisms are necessarily
EPA asked this panel of
scientists to provide them with their expertise concerning this new pesticide
technology. The scientists stated in their White Paper of Sept. 30, 2013,
"Better understanding of the mechanisms influencing uptake, particularly if they
can be extrapolated to other organisms, would reduce uncertainty in exposure
assumptions and help to focus risk assessments on the most appropriate
The SAP includes
scientists working in entomological fields to human studies from acclaimed
universities across the United States.
FIFRA SAP Chair
Daniel Schlenk, Ph.D.
Professor of Aquatic Ecotoxicology
University of California, Riverside
K. Barry Delclos,
Division of Biochem. Tox
National Center for Toxicol. Research
Marion F. Ehrich,
Co-director, Laboratory for Neurotoxicity
Professor, Pharmacology and Toxicology
Department of Biomedical
Sciences & Pathobiology
Viginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary
Stephen Klaine, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Biological Sciences
Director, Institute of Environmental Toxicology
James McManaman, Ph.D.
Departments of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Physiology
Universoty of Colorado
Vice President for Research
Pathology, Micobiology and Immunology
University of S.C.
Martha S. Sandy, Ph.D.
Senior Toxicologist and Chief
Cancer Toxicology and Epidemiology
Reproductive and Cancer Hazard Assessment Branch
Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
California Environmental Protection
The FIFRA SAP concluded
in their report, "The new categories of dsRNA products, however, will present
additional hazard and risk assessment challenges due to their unique modes of
action and other toxicological endpoints that cannot be measured using the
traditional testing paradigm.”
The EPA welcomed public
comment concerning the White Paper and the National Honey Bee Advisory Board was
pleased to provide input. Honey bees, as the Scientific Advisory Panel stated,
could be greatly impacted by the RNAi pesticide technology. They expressed their
concerns that "not all aspects of the fate of dsRNA in the environment and
potential effects on nontarget organisms are necessarily understood.” They
advised that it is unclear how RNAi technology can translocate throughout the
environment, but possible transmission may include dust from degraded plant
material, soil, plant pollen taken to bee hives, and even mammals consuming the
plants and depositing the digested food far from the initial treatment area. The
nontarget exposure opportunities present many concerns. For honey bees
specifically, "The factors influencing the possibility of exposure by this
pathway (e.g. longevity of dsRNA once consumed, concentration resulting within
the herbivorous insect) are not known.”
The National Honey Bee
Advisory Board supports the findings of these noted researchers. We agree with
EPA’s Scientific Advisory Panel, that "the unique nature of dsRNA and RNAI raise
several issues of concern with respect to the typical data set submitted for
"1) The potential
influence of latent effects on results of nontarget testing.” "Some studies,
such as nontarget insect studies, are carried out for sufficient time to observe
effects on reproduction, and latent effects would more likely be
"2) The appropriate life
stage for testing.” "However, given the range of possible unexpected effects, it
is conceivable that an effect could occur in the field that would not be
observed in the lab.”
"3) The possibility of
chronic effects.” "Suppression of genes without overt signs of toxicity may be
considered insignificant following a single exposure; however, long-term
exposure and continuous or repeated knockdown could result in chronic
The SAP’s White Paper
sums up their concerns succinctly, exclaiming EPA "has not, to date, assessed
the hazards or risks of dsRNA applied directly to the environment as components
of end-use products intended for pest control under Section 3 of FIFRA.” The
"screening level assessments currently used for traditional chemical pesticides
may not be applicable due to the unique modes of action of dsRNA active
The FIFRA SAP and the
National Honey Bee Advisory Board (NHBAB) acknowledge EPA’s goal is to "ensure
that unreasonable effects do not occur to nontarget populations.” The SAP White
Paper references sixty-four RNA/DNA/RNAi/gene studies which made it clear this
new technology "will present additional hazard and risk assessment challenges
due to their unique modes of action and other toxicological endpoints that
cannot be measured using the traditional testing paradigm.” The NHBAB agrees
with the EPA’s Scientific Advisory Panel and the review of research by Lundgren
and Duan (2013) observing "that the current tiered hazard assessment approach
used by the Agency, is inappropriate to address the following unique hazards
potentially posed by dsRNA products:
Off target gene
Silencing the target gene
in unintended organisms
Saturation of the RNAi
machinery in cells.”
The NHBAB agrees with the
FIFRA SAP "that accurate, standardized methods for measuring and assessing the
aforementioned hazards will be necessary to conduct robust nontarget species
risk assessments on dsRNA products.”
However, we express our
concern that EPA granted an experimental use permit in 2013 for a 20,000 acre
field study of RNAi corn to study the Snf7 gene directed at the corn root worm
before "standardized methods for measuring and assessing the aforementioned
hazards” were developed. The FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel White Paper appears
to have been ignored when EPA approved a field test, without applicable testing
protocols for this technology. EPA’s goal is to "ensure that unreasonable
effects do not occur to nontarget populations.” This experimental use permit
puts nontarget organisms at risk. The Scientific Advisory Panel White Paper
defined some of those risks:
". . .double stranded RNA
(dsRNA) was 10 times or more potent in its effect on gene
"Why some miRNAs trigger
transitivity and some do not is not well understood at this
". . . the silencing of a
gene targeted in one cell can lead to the silencing of a second gene in a
distinct cell type.”
"Although the details of
the RNAi pathways and their outcomes may differ among organisms, what is clear
is that the influence of small RNAs on growth, development, defense and even
transient heritability of traits is substantial.”
"It is unclear at this
point whether a dsRNA PIP also would be incidentally present in root exudates,
guttation droplets, or nectar, providing additional on-field sources of
While RNAi technology may
be a useful tool, "uncertainties clearly exist with respect to a complete
understanding of all current and future applications of this technology.” " . .
. The current testing paradigm for nontarget species characterizations, which
emphasized limited dose testing and use of mortality as an endpoint, likely will
not be adequate to assess adverse effects resulting from off-target gene
silencing, silencing of the target gene in unintended organisms, immune
stimulation, and saturation of the RNAi machinery in
technology is thought to be a possible control of Varroa, an insidious pest of
honey bees. However, as the Varroa is basically a virus-filled-syringe in the
guise of an arachnid, using RNAi upon Varroa or in bees to get at Varroa will
subject honey bees to unknown gene silencing. As the FIFRA SAP committee
succinctly stated RNAI "uncertainties clearly exist with respect to a complete
understanding of all current and future applications of this technology.” RNAi
technology must be researched fully to protect bees, to protect human health,
and to protect the environment.
The National Honey Bee
Advisory Board supports the findings of the EPA Scientific Advisory Panel, and
expresses concern the EPA would ignore the recommendations of their own panel of
scientific experts. The experimental use permit for RNAi technology on 20,000
acres clearly violates EPA’s mandate to "ensure that unreasonable effects do not
occur to nontarget populations.”
National Honey Bee Advisory Board
Steve Ellis, firstname.lastname@example.org
Receives British Award
Four Americans have been honored by Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II and were presented their medals by Ambassador, Sir Peter
Westmacott, at a ceremony Feb. 12, 2014 at the British Embassy in Washington.
Dr. Keith Delaplane, professor and Walter B. Hill Fellow with the University of
Georgia’s Department of Entomology, has been made an Honorary Member of
the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in recognition of his outstanding
services to beekeeping.
Captain Brian Jordan, United States Marine Corps, has received the British
Distinguished Flying Cross in recognition of his exemplary gallantry during
active operations against the enemy in the air.
Ms Shari McGraw, Co-Head of Human Resources at the British Embassy, has been
made an Honorary Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in recognition
of her significant achievements in public service.
Ms Judith O’Rourke, Director of Undergraduate Studies at Syracuse University,
has been made an Honorary Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British
Empire (OBE) in recognition of her services to the communities of Syracuse and
Lockerbie following the attack on Pan Am 103 in 1988.
"I am delighted that the work of Dr Delaplane, Captain Jordan, Ms McGraw, and
Ms O’Rourke has been recognized with these awards,” said Ambassador Peter
Westmacott. "Their contributions to the United Kingdom have been invaluable in
each of their fields and underscore the deep relationship between the United
Kingdom and the United States.”
The UK honors system recognizes exceptional achievement and service to the
nation, and includes non-British nationals who receive "Honorary” awards for
their important contribution to British interests. All British honors are
awarded on merit, and honorary awards are conferred by HM The Queen on the
advice of the Government.
Keith Delaplane's involvement in apiculture and conservation is renowned on a
local, national and international scale. He has written 247 publications,
completed 182 presentations at professional meetings. Lectured at 236 local
meetings: supervised seven research graduates and received many awards at
international level. He was an unpaid program reviewer for the United Kingdom
Natural Environment Research Council in 2000. Over the past 11 years, he has
given support to local beekeepers and he is well known for his scientific and
Honey Board Seeks Nominees for Board Positions
Firestone, Colo., February 4, 2014 – The National Honey Board is seeking
persons interested in serving as a Board member or Alternate Board Member.
Honey Board is composed of 10 members, including three first handlers; two
importers; one importer-handler; one marketing cooperative; and three
producers, and their respective alternates.
This year the
Board will fill three seats, one first handler, one importer-handler, one
producer, and their respective alternates, to replace representatives whose
terms expire at the end of this year.
All nominations to the National Honey Board must be made by qualified
national organizations within the honey industry, and nominees must submit a
completed application and background form.
Final appointments are made by the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture. Each
selected member and alternate will serve a three-year term of office. The next term of newly appointed Board
members and their alternates will begin January 1, 2015, and end December 31,
If you are interested in being considered for a Board member
or alternate position, please contact the National Honey Board for more
information; either visit "About NHB” at www.honey.com
or contact the Board’s Chief Executive Officer Bruce Boynton
at (303) 776-2337, or by email at email@example.com. Inquiries must be
made by April 15, 2014. Interested
persons are encouraged to review the HPIB Order and other information in the
"About NHB” section of www.honey.com.
Honey Board meets periodically to review
marketing and research activities that benefit the industry. The national
program, which became effective in 2008, is industry-funded and supports the
national marketing and promotion of honey and honey products. USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service
oversees Board activities to ensure fiscal responsibility, program efficiency
and fair treatment of participating stakeholders.
The National Honey Board has adopted a Diversity
Policy and encourages Board membership that reflects the diversity of the
individuals served by the programs. All eligible women, minorities and persons
with disabilities are invited to seek nomination for a seat on the National