materials and information included in this Latest News page are provided as
a service to you and do not reflect endorsement by the American Honey Producers
Association (AHPA). The content and opinions expressed within the page are
those of the authors and are not necessarily shared by AHPA. AHPA is not
responsible for the accuracy of information provided from outside
National Honey Board Accepting Bee Research Proposals
Firestone, Colo., August 30, 2013 – The National Honey Board is requesting
proposals for research dealing with honey bee colony production.
The goal of this research is to help producers maintain colony health while
assuring the maintenance of honey quality. The NHB is encouraging
proposals on Varroa research, but will consider proposals dealing with Acarapis
woodi, Nosema Ceranae, and small hive beetle; the investigation into the causes
and controls of Colony Collapse Disorder; and honey bee nutrition, immunology,
The NHB is open to both projects that find new methods of maintaining health,
and ones that combine current methods to increase efficacy rates. Other
projects will be considered and research outside the U.S. is possible.
The amount of funds available for a particular proposal will depend on the
number and merit of proposals finally accepted. The funds will be available
for approved projects for the duration of the calendar year 2014 and may be
carried into early 2015 if necessary; the duration of projects being funded
should generally not exceed 12 months.
Proposals must be received at the National Honey Board office by 5:00p.m.
Mountain Time, November 15, 2013. Proposals received after the deadline
will not be considered. Instructions on how to submit a research proposal may
be found on the NHB website at www.honey.com.
The National Honey Board is a federal research and promotion board under USDA
oversight that conducts research, marketing and promotion programs to help
maintain and expand markets for honey and honey products. These programs are
funded by an assessment of one cent per pound on domestic and imported honey.
CATCH THE BUZZ
Aussi Bees – 1. Aussie Environmentalists – 0.
Wouldn’t It Great If The US Did The Same Thing?
spending years being chased out of government forests by
over-enthusiastic environmentalists, Australian beekeepers may finally
be getting a break.
state government says it aims to revitalize the honey bee industry by
opening up more beekeeping sites on public land, cutting licensing red
tape and providing greater security of access for the state’s
Agriculture Minister Peter Walsh told the Central Victorian Apiarists
Association conference the state government had worked with beekeepers
and public land managers to develop a new, more bee-friendly apiculture
on public land policy.
Walsh said the previous Labor government shut down hundreds of beekeeping sites on public land, crippling the industry.
"The Coalition government recognizes the crucial role beekeeping plays
in ensuring Victorian food security and agricultural production through
its crop pollination services,” he said.
"This government is committed to ensuring there are enough public land
beekeeping sites to support a viable and productive honeybee industry,
and as part of our new policy we want beekeepers to identify new
suitable sites and inform us about them.”
Walsh said the new policy would help to boost the honey bee industry by
cutting red tape and administrative costs and increase security of
public land access.
"Under our policy, beekeepers will be given licenses that last 10 years
instead of the current three, six or 12-month terms,” he said.
They will also be eligible for a significant discount on their licence
fee if they make an up-front, full-term payment instead of paying in
"Beekeeping will also be given greater consideration as part of all
public land planning, including regional management plans, park or
forest operational plans and planned burning and other fire management
operations,” Walsh said.
Many elements of the new policy, including provisions to enable
beekeepers to identify and take up new bee sites, will be implemented
almost immediately, while the changes to licensing arrangements will
take effect following the passing of legislation.
Walsh said there are more than 3,600 bee sites across 7.6 million
hectares of Victorian forests, parks and conservation reserves, but that
drought, fires and floods in recent years had impacted significantly on
the industry’s productivity.
"What this new policy will do is help create a more robust and
productive industry with expanded access to public land, greater
security and reduced administrative burden,” Walsh said.
Getting Ready for the 2014 Annual Convention in San Antonio!
Darren Cox, Randy Verhoek, Rochelle Verhoek at the Alamo in San Antonio, TX
The AHPA convention
committee of Randy Verhoek, Darren Cox, Cassie Cox, and Rochelle Verhoek
conducted a site visit to San Antonio Omni at the Collonade on August 12-13 to
finalize arrangements for our 2013 annual convention, January 7-11th!
excited to see the beautiful facilities at the Omni Hotel and meet the staff.
We toured San Antonio to find information on activities for our group, such as
the famous Riverwalk, the Alamo, and Wild West shows and cookouts available.
reservations are available on our website right now for our special priced room
block, make your reservations soon! Schedules
of events and more information will be on our website www.AHPAnet.com as it
CATCH THE BUZZ
New EPA Label Not The Saving Grace We Thought
This is long, but you should read all of it. And then be glad you are not a pollinating insect.(CATCH THE BUZZ has commented extensively on this subject, here. Stopping the Poison must begin, and this doesn’t do it.)
News From Beyond Pesticides and others.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) new pesticide label
for honey bee protection, announced last Thursday and published in CATCH
THE BUZZ, has been widely criticized by beekeepers and
environmentalists as offering inadequate protection in the face of
devastating bee decline. Under the new guidelines, the labels will
prohibit the use of some neonicotinoid pesticides when bees are present,
and include a "bee advisory box” and icon with information on routes of
exposure and spray drift precautions. Critics question the efficacy of
the label change in curtailing a systemic pesticide that contaminates
nectar and pollen, poisoning bees indisc
riminately, and the enforceability of the label language, which is
geared to managed not wild bees. EPA has not formally acknowledged the
peer-reviewed science linking neonicotinoid pesticides to colony
collapse disorder and bee decline, as is the case in the European
Union’sEuropean Food Safety Authority(EFSA).
factors play a role in bee colony declines, including pesticides. The
Environmental Protection Agency is taking action to protect bees from
pesticide exposure and these label changes will further our efforts,”
said Jim Jones, assistant administrator for EPA’s Office of Chemical
Safety and Pollution Prevention. Tonight, August 20 at 9 PM Eastern, listen in to EPA’s Reuben
Baris, Fate Scientist, EPA Office of Pesticide Programs’ Enviro
nmental Fate and Effects Division & Dr. Tom Steeger, Senior Science
Advisor, EPA Office of Pesticide Programs’ Environmental Fate and
Effects Division, through the ABF CONVERSATIONS WITH A
BEEKEEPER, on assessing pesticide exposure to bees. If you are an ABF
member, be sure to tune in, or catch the archived program later.
this label change does not address the fact that neonicotinoids are
systemic, meaning plants take up these pesticides and exude them in
their pollen and nectar, with residues remaining in the plant for its
lifetime (EVEN IF SPRAYED AFTER DARK, OR WHEN IT’S COLD),
continually endangering any pollinators that forage or pollinate these
contaminated plants.Additionally, the bulk of neonicotinoid uses are
in fact for treated seed, which accounts for the majority of corn
planted in the U.S. Contaminated dust
that originates from the planting of these seeds drift off fields and
have been known to kill large numbers of bees. Recently,37 million honeybees were reported deadacross
a single farm in Ontario from the dust associated with planting
neonicotinoid-treated corn seeds. According to New York beekeeper Jim
Doan, "In New York state, for example, foliar application of neonics are
used only for apples and some vegetables, and no
t used for the majority of the crops out there – corn and soybeans –
which are seed coatings. When I heard about the new labeling
requirements, my first question was, so are we going to put these labels
on the bags of corn? No.”
Neonicotinoids are primarily used as seed treatment for corn and soybeans, as well as in home and gardenproducts.
These chemicals contaminate nectar and pollen, as well as soil and
surface water. Foraging and navigational disruptions, immune
suppression and learning/memory disorders have been documented in bees
exposed to even low levels of these chemicals. An extensive ove
rview of themajor studiesshowing the effects of neonicotinoids on pollinator health can be found on Beyond Pesticides’What the Science Showswebpage.
There is also concern that thenew label languageis
unenforceable. EPA is aware that label directions such as these are not
adhered to in the real-world. Many beekeepers can attest to this and
have repeatedly communicated this to EPA enforcement and registration
officials. Addressing lack of co
mpliance has been an area the agency has not sufficiently addressed
throughout the years. For instance, after specifying that, "the product
may not be applied while bees are foraging. Do not apply this product
until flowering is complete and all petals have fallen,” EPA adopts the
an application must be made when managed bees are at the treatment
site, the beekeeper providing the pollination services must be notified
no less than 48-hours prior to the time of the planned application so
that the bees can be removed, covered or otherwise protected prior to
This keeps the onus on the beekeepers to make sure their bees are safe. (LEAVING NO PROVISION TO MOVE THE INNOCENTS TO SAFETY)
On March 21, 2013, Beyond Pesticides joined beekeepers, environmental and consumer groups infiling a lawsuitin
Federal District Court against EPA for its failure to protect
pollinators from dangerous pesticides. The coalition is seeking
suspension of the
registrations of insecticides- clothianidin and thiamethoxam- which have
repeatedly been identified as highly toxic to honey bees, clear causes
of major bee kills and significant contributors to the devastating
ongoing mortality of bees known as colony collapse disorder (CCD).The
suit challenges EPA’s oversight of these bee-killing pesticides, as well
as the agency’s practice of "conditional registration” and labeling
the meantime, EPA has stated it would support short-term mitigation
measures, such as improved seed coatings to reduce contaminated dust,
and improved farming equipment, measures which do not go far enough to
protect both commercial and wild bee populations. These new label
changes, while an improvement from current pollinator hazard statement
on pesticide labels, also do not go far enough to protect bees, especially wild bees. (EMPHASIS CTB)
is a step forward, certainly, but it does not address the issue that we
need to address. EPA deserves a pat on the back for coming up with
something, but we have a long ways to go,” said Mr. Doan. "We need to
continue to put pressure on the agency and the industry and keep moving
Earlier this year, the EU announced atwo-year suspensionon these bee-killing pesticides. In early July, Beyond Pesticides urged President Obama in ajoint letterto
direct EPA to follow Europe’s lead in suspending certain neonicotinoid
pesticides uses and take on even more protective measures, including a
minimum two-year suspension for all outdoor uses of neonicotinoid
insecticides pending resolution of their hazards to bees and beneficial
organisms. Highlighting the negative environmental and economic impacts
of outdoor uses of the EPA-approved neonicotinoid insecticides as well
as a recognition that the initial risk assessments for these chemicals
fail to adequately consider key risks to bee health, the letter to
President Obama notes that it, "would not be responsible to continue to
allow these threatening
compounds to be used so broadly.”
This is a copy of THE letter EPA sent the companies that produce the chemicals mentioned in the release (comments in parentheses are SOLEY those of CATCH THE BUZZ)
PROTECTION OF POLLINATORS
APPLICATION RESTRICTIONS EXIST
FOR THIS PRODUCT BECAUSE OF RISK TO BEES AND OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS.
FOLLOW APPLICATION RESTRICTIONS FOUND IN THE DIRECTIONS FOR USE TO
for the bee hazard icon in the Directions for Use for each application
site for specific use restrictions and instructions to protect bees and
other insect pollinators.
This product can kill bees and other insect pollinators.
Bees and other insect pollinators will forage on plants when they flower, shed pollen, or
produce nectar. Bees and other insect pollinators can be exposed to this pesticide from:
o Direct contact during foliar applications, or contact with residues on plant surfaces after
o Ingestion of residues in nectar and pollen when the pesticide is applied as a seed treatment,
soil, tree injection, as well as foliar applications. (DOES EXPOSURE MEAN DEATH? THIS ISN’T CLEAR, AND IT CERTAINLY DOESN’T SAY DON’T DO THIS)
When Using This Product Take Steps To:
o Minimize exposure of this product to bees and other insect pollinators when they are
foraging on pollinator attractive plants around the application site. (ISN’T SPRAYING BLOOMING PLANTS, WHETHER IN THE FIELD OR ON THE EDGES A VIOLATION OF THE LABEL?)
o Minimize drift of this product on to beehives or to off-site pollinator attractive habitat. Drift of this product onto beehives or off-site to pollinator attractive habitat can result in bee kills. (MINIMIZE DRIFT? ISN’T DRIFT A VIOLATION OF THE LABEL?)
Information on protecting bees and other insect pollinators may be found at the Pesticide
(WEB PAGE SPONSORED BY…THE COMPANIES THAT PRODUCE THE CHEMICALS)
incidents (for example, bee kills) should immediately be reported to
the state/tribal lead agency. For contact information for your state, go
to: www.aapco.org/officials.html. Pesticide incidents should also be reported to the National Pesticide Information Center at: www.npic.orst.edu or directly to EPA at: email@example.com (YES, YES, YES!)
DIRECTIONS FOR USE (PAY ATTENTION NOW….)
1. FOR CROPS UNDER CONTRACTED POLLINATION SERVICES
Do not apply this product while bees are foraging. (THIS MAKES SENSE, RIGHT?) Do not apply this product until flowering is complete and all petals have fallen unless <
the following condition has been met. If an application must be made
when managed bees are at the treatment site, the beekeeper providing the
pollination services must be notified no less than 48-hours prior to
the time of the planned application so that the bees can be removed,
covered or otherwise protected prior to spraying. (WHAT
PPENS TO THE POLLINATORS THE BEEKEEPER DOESN’T MOVE? TRULY, THE
SLAUGHTER OF THE INNOCENTS. AND WHAT HAPPENS IF THE BEES AREN’T REMOVED,
COVERED OT PROTECTED? TOO BAD…)
2. FOR FOOD CROPS AND COMMERCIALLY GROWN ORNAMENTALS NOT
UNDER CONTRACT FOR POLLINATION SERVICES BUT ARE ATTRACTIVE TO
not apply this product while bees are foraging. Do not apply this
product until flowering is complete and all petals have fallen unless(UNLESS?) one of the following conditions is met:
• The application is made to the target site after sunset (BUT YOU SAID Ingestion of residues in nectar and pollen when the pe
sticide is applied as a seed treatment,
soil, tree injection, as well as foliar applications CAN KILL BEES. WON’T BEES BE KILLED THE NEXT DAY WHEN THEY ARE FORAGING? IS IT OK TO KILL BEES IF THE PESTICIDE WAS APPLIED LAST NIGHT?)
• The application is made to the target site when temperatures are
(BUT THE STATEMENT ABOVE SAYS THAT Ingestion
of residues in nectar and pollen when the pesticide is applied as a
seed treatment, soil, tree injection, as well as foliar applications CAN
RESULT IN BEES AND OTHER POLLINATORS BEING KILLED. SO
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN IT WARMS UP TOMORROW?)
• The application is made in accordance with a government-initiated
public health response
application is made in accordance with an active state administered
apiary registry program where beekeepers are notified no less than
48-hours prior to the time of the planned application so that the bees
can be removed, covered or otherwise protected prior
to spraying (WHO PROTECTS THE OTHER POLLINATORS?)
application is made due to an imminent threat of significant crop loss,
and a documented determination consistent with an IPM plan or
predetermined economic threshold is met. Every effort should be made to
notify beekeepers no less than 48-hours prior to the time of the planned
application so that the bees can be removed, covered or otherwise protected prior to spraying. (DOES IMMINENT HONEY CROP LOSS COUNT HERE?)
3. Non-Agricultural Products:
not apply [insert name of product] while bees are foraging. Do not
apply [insert name of product] to plants that are flowering. Only apply
after all flower petals have fallen off. (SO
MUCH FOR THE ORNAMENTALS SOLD AT YOUR LOCAL HARDWARE STORE THAT WERE
TREATED TO PROTECT THEM BEFORE THEY WERE SOLD. IS THAT A LABEL VIOLATION
of the Honeybee
Mass deaths in bee colonies
may mean disaster for farmers--and your favorite foods
By Bryan Walsh Monday, Aug. 19, 2013
can thank the Apis mellifera, better known as the Western honeybee, for
1 in every 3 mouthfuls you'll eat today. Honeybees — which pollinate crops like
apples, blueberries and cucumbers — are the "glue that holds our
agricultural system together," as the journalist Hannah Nordhaus put it in
her 2011 book The Beekeeper's Lament. But that glue is failing. Bee
hives are dying off or disappearing thanks to a still-unsolved malady called
colony collapse disorder (CCD), so much so that commercial beekeepers are being
pushed out of the business.
what's killing the honeybees? Pesticides — including a new class called
neonicotinoids — seem to be harming bees even at what should be safe levels.
Biological threats like the Varroa mite are killing off colonies directly and
spreading deadly diseases. As our farms become monocultures of commodity crops
like wheat and corn — plants that provide little pollen for foraging bees —
honeybees are literally starving to death. If we don't do something, there may
not be enough honeybees to meet the pollination demands for valuable crops. But
more than that, in a world where up to 100,000 species go extinct each year,
the vanishing honeybee could be the herald of a permanently diminished planet.
Bayer CropScience introduces a new class of Chemistry as an
alternative to Imidacloprid. The new active ingredient is a systemic from the
butenolide chemical class and is active on sucking insect pests. The AI is
flupyradifurone. It will be marketed under the trade name Sivanto. It is
marketed as a "bee friendly” product with no bloom (application) restrictions.
It will be registered in 2015.
A host of annual and perennial crops have been tested for
aphids, leafhoppers, psyllids, scales, thrips and whiteflies. It causes a rapid
feeding cessation effect from both soil and foliar applications. It is active
via ingestion and contact. It is an adult knockdown product that controls nymph
and egg stages.
It is systemic for root uptake and translaminer from foliar
applications. It has, says Bayer, minimal impact on beneficials. The label
includes a 4 hour reentry interval.
Report: Gardeners Beware: Bee-Toxic Pesticides Found in
"Bee-Friendly" Plants Sold at Garden Centers Nationwide
new, first-of-its-kind pilot study by Friends of the Earth-US and Pesticide
Research Institute has found 54 percent of common garden plants purchased at
top retailers including Lowes and Home Depot contained neonicotinoid
pesticides, which studies show can harm or kill bees and other pollinators, with
no warning to consumers.
and other pollinators, essential for the two-thirds of the food crops humans
eat everyday, are in great peril, and populations are dwindling worldwide.
diseases, loss of forage and habitat and changing climate have all been identified
as possible contributing factors to global bee losses. However, a growing body
of science has implicated the world’s most widely-used pesticides,
neonicotinoids (neonics) made by giant chemical companies Bayer and Syngenta,
as a key factor in recent global bee die-offs.
neonics aren't just used in agriculture -- as our new pilot study shows,
unbeknownst to consumers, many "bee friendly” garden plants sold at home garden
centers have been pre-treated with these bee killing pesticides which can
contaminate their gardens and keep harming bees and other pollinators for
months to years. Read More
American Bee Journal
Scientists Study Bee Venom
Component to Find New Treatments for Disease
Study of melittin-based
pore formation also applies to anticancer drugs
HOUSTON -- (Aug. 14, 2013) -- A new study by Rice University biophysicists
offers the most comprehensive picture yet of the molecular-level action of
melittin, the principal toxin in bee venom. The research could aid in the
development of new drugs that use a similar mechanism as melittin's to attack
cancer and bacteria.
The study appears this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of
Melittin does its damage by penetrating the outer walls of cells and opening
pores that allow the contents of the cell to escape. At low concentrations,
melittin forms transient pores. At higher concentrations, the pores become
stable and remain open, and at still higher doses, the cell membrane dissolves
"This strategy of opening holes in the cell membrane is employed by a
great number of host-defense antimicrobial peptides, many of which have been
discovered over the past 30 years," said Rice's Huey Huang, the lead
investigator of the study. "People are interested in using these peptides
to fight cancer and other diseases, in part because organisms cannot change the
makeup of their membrane, so it would be very difficult for them to develop
resistance to such drugs."
But the clinical use of the compounds is complicated by the lack of consensus
about how the peptides work. For example, scientists have struggled to explain
how different concentrations of melittin could yield such dramatically
different effects, said Huang, Rice's Sam and Helen Worden Professor of Physics
In the new study, Huang and Rice graduate student Tzu-Lin Sun partnered with
colleagues Ming-Tao Lee at the National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center
(NSRRC) in Hsinchu, Taiwan, and with Wei-Chin Hung at the Republic of China
Military Academy in Fengshan, Taiwan. The team used a combination of
experiments to zero in on the molecular activity of melittin at the
"minimal inhibitory concentration" (MIC), the lowest concentration that's
been shown to slow the growth of target cell populations. The MIC for melittin
is a dose that results in stable pore formation, rather than complete
dissolution of the membrane.
"We want to understand how pore formation works at this critical
concentration, including both at the molecular scale -- what are the shapes of
the pores themselves -- and the cellular scale -- how are the pores arranged
and distributed over the surface of the membrane," Huang said.
To find the answer, the team correlated the results of two different types of
experiments. In the first type, which was conducted at Rice, the team used
confocal microscopy to film "giant unilamellar vesicles" (GUVs),
synthetic membrane-enclosed structures that are about the same size as a living
cell. The outer surface of the GUV became green when bound to melittin that was
labeled with a fluorescent dye. The GUV was filled with a solution that
contained a red fluorescent dye.
In the experiments, Sun used a needle-like glass pipette to partially aspirate
and grab dye-filled GUVs, which were then placed into a melittin-infused
solution beneath the microscope. Time-lapse videos of the experiments show that
dye-labeled melittin begins sticking to the surface of the GUV within seconds.
Within about two minutes, so much melittin binds to the outside of the GUV that
the outer surface area increases by up to 4.5 percent. At a critical threshold,
the expanding surface changes configuration to accommodate the increased load
of melittin. At this point, pores form across the entire surface of the GUV. On
the video, the bright red dye within the GUV rapidly leaks out at this critical
"The experiment shows how the MIC brings about a new physical state that
results in cell death," Huang said. "By correlating these findings
with other data about the molecular characteristics of the pores themselves, we
get the first complete picture of the process of stable, melittin-induced pore
The molecular level data came from a series of X-ray diffraction experiments
performed by Lee at NSRRC. In those experiments, samples of multilayered
membranes were bombarded with X-rays. Each layer contained an ordered
arrangement of pores, and the stacked layers contained a 3-D lattice of
regularly arranged pores. By examining how X-rays scattered away from the
sample, Lee and Hung were able to determine the precise contours of the
National Honey Bee Day
August 17, 2013
of the National Honey Bee Day program, is to magnify the many smaller programs
across the country into a larger marketed program, benefiting from the voice
and participating of many. Regardless of your efforts, small or large, get
involved! The National Honey Bee Day program
started with a simple concept. Bring together beekeepers, bee associations, as
well as other interested groups to connect with the communities to advance
beekeeping. By working together and harnessing the efforts that so many already
accomplish, and using a united effort one day a year, the rewards and message
is magnified many times over. We encourage bee associations, individuals, and
other groups to get involved. The program is free and open to all. Read More
Boise, ID - City of Bees for a Day
Boise, Idaho, "City of the Bees" for a day
For National Honey Bee Day, the
Treasure Valley Beekeeper's Club is sponsoring the film "More Than Honey'
here at the local theater (The Flicks http://www.theflicksboise.com/events/may2013/more-honey).
To cap this event off, John Miller, a commercial beekeeper featured in the
film, has graciously agreed to stop over in Boise on his way between his
beeyards in North Dakota and California and offer his comments on bees, the
film and the world. That's going to be huge for our Club. (full details @ www.idabees.org). To add icing to the cake, today
Mayor Bieter ("Bee-ter" how fitting!) issued an official Mayoral
Proclamation changing the City's motto for the day. For August 17, when John's
in town, we'll be the "City of Bees." Steve Sweet Treasure Valley Beekeepers Boise, ID
Harvest at the Waldorf Astoria’s Beehives
by Josh Dzieza
Three years after New York legalized beekeeping, hives are
everywhere, including on the roof of New York’s iconic Waldorf Astoria hotel,
where Josh Dzieza helped out with the honey harvest.
has just begun to rain on a gray Thursday morning when I step out onto the
20th-floor terrace of New York’s Waldorf Astoria hotel, where a half-dozen
people are eyeing a row of six squat beehives lining the northern balcony.
Patrick Cote, the young bleach-blond nephew of Andrew Cote and a
fifth-generation beekeeper, is walking between the raised-bed gardens, puffing
smoke out of a tin-can-and-bellows censerlike contraption. Andrew explains that
the smoke blocks the pheromones that the bees will use to raise the alarm that we’re
breaking into their hives and stealing their honey.
Garcelon, culinary director at the hotel, is up here, too, clad in his white
chef’s coat, overseeing the first honey harvest of the year. He came to the
Waldorf two years ago from a hotel in Toronto, where he ran a similar rooftop
garden and apiary. New York had just legalized beekeeping, and hives were
popping up around the city—on the roof of the Whitney Museum of American Art,
the National Resources Defense Council, and in backyards around Brooklyn.
Garcelon contacted Andrew, who wrote the best-practices guide to New York
beekeeping and founded the New York City Beekeepers Association, and the two of
them set to work building hives on the roof of the iconic hotel.
At 20 stories, it was the tallest
project Andrew had worked on, and he worried initially that high winds at such
a height might be a problem. But he says the Waldorf’s project worked out
better than many of his other hives in the city. Andrew is in his early 40s,
tan, with short-cropped gray hair. He’s here with his nephew and his dad, Norm,
a former firefighter whose hobby, in his words, "got out of control.” Andrew
started beekeeping when he was 10 years old, and now tends about 50 hives in
the city, on rooftops, community gardens, and balconies in Brooklyn, Queens,
and Manhattan, selling the honey at farmers markets in the area. As New York’s
native bee expert, he also gets called in to wrangle roaming swarms—it’s easy,
he says: just capture the queen and the rest will follow—and to help places
like the Waldorf get their apiaries started. Read More
Other Pesticides Found to
Affect Bee Health
By Michele Colopy
pollination exposes honey bees to pesticides which alters their susceptibility
to the gut pathogen Nosema ceranae,” released in PLOS ONE this
week is what beekeepers have suspected. The researchers found high
fungicide loads in pollen along with thirty-five different pesticides. The
six researchers involved in this study are diverse, from the USDA and
universities across the U.S., providing valuable information to the discussion
on pesticides, fungicides, and bee health. Their research showed an
"increased probability of Nosemainfection
in bees that consumed pollen with a higher fungicide load.” This research
further examines the real-world experiences of managed honey bees, and the
effects of pesticide mixtures on bee health.
The researchers worked with beekeepers who were providing
crop pollination services in California, Pennsylvania, Maine, New Jersey, and
Delaware. Pollen was collected from hives pollinating seven major crops:
pumpkin, watermelon, cucumber, cranberry (early and late season) blueberry, and
almonds. The pollen was analyzed to determine field- relevant pesticide
exposure, and how the pesticides affected bees’ susceptibility to Nosema
ceranae. Pollen samples contained an average of nine different pesticides,
with a high of twenty-one pesticides.
Pollen collected was not always from the crop
the bees were to pollinate, yet all of the pollen contained pesticides.
Even honey bees able to find wild flowers or weeds bordering agriculture, found
pesticides in those plants as well. "The maximum pesticide concentration in any
single pollen sample exceeded the median lethal dose (LD50, the dose required
to kill half a population within 24 or 48 h) for esfenvalerate and
phosmet.” The research found the presence of two specific fungicides in
pollen—chlorothalonil and pyraclostrobin were significantly correlated with a
higher rate of Nosema infection among bees fed that pollen.
Smitty Bee Makes Protecting the
Environment a Priority
Iowa - Smitty Bee, a leading honey packer and producer, takes their commitment
to the environment just as seriously as they take their commitment to high
quality honey. The operation makes the environment a consideration during every
step of their honey production process, from energy consumption to its
distribution chain to recycling used materials, all in an effort to protect the
honeybees and ecosystems critical to its business. Smitty Bee is currently
taking additional steps to be environmentally conscious during the construction
of their new facility, which is being built with reduced energy consumption in
new 25,000 square foot addition to the operation features heated floors for the
entire building, energy-efficient light fixtures, redesigned batch tanks, high
efficiency ceiling fans, and a two-inch thick cooler panel for energy
efficiency within the location’s climate control system. The company also
recently installed a hot water boiler system 20 times the size of its
predecessor that uses half the energy. Future building improvement plans
include a new roof for the existing building designed to reduce heating and
cooling usage by 20%.
Bee currently processes over 16,000 barrels of honey each year, all of which
are shipped in iron drums. The drums and other scrap materials such as
cardboard are compacted or compressed to conserve shipping space and recycled
company is also mindful of the environment when orders are shipped. To achieve
a reduction in negative environmental impacts and costs simultaneously, Smitty
Bee General Manager Tony Schmitz combines orders to build customer distribution
channels wherever possible.
care of the environment is just the right thing to do,” says Schmitz. "There
are no industry standards for environmental impacts, but Smitty Bee Honey and
all of our employees take pride in holding ourselves to a higher standard in
everything we do.”
its fourth generation of family ownership, Smitty Bee is a honey packer and
producer known for consistently providing a wide variety of high-quality honey
products to both industrial and retail customers. With a rapidly expanding
operation located in Defiance, Iowa, Smitty Bee continues to focus on the
small-town values, work ethic and customer commitment that have helped build
the business from the beginning.
25 July 2013
antibiotic resistance drives expansion of Tetracyclines testing
amongst regulatory bodies about human resistance to common antibiotics is
driving expansion for veterinary residue testing. Amongst its findings the
recent joint European Food Safety Authority / European Centre for Disease
Prevention and Control Report on antimicrobial resistance data among zoonotic
and indicator bacteria in 2011 indicated high resistance to Tetracycline’s in Salmonella
isolates from humans.
In the wake of the
report Randox Food Diagnostics
will launch a generic Tetracyclines ELISA screening kit at the end of July to complement
their established multiplex arrays, based on innovative Biochip Array
used globally to reduce bacterial infections across all food producing animals,
but the firm will be releasing the ELISA firstly onto the honey market, with
validations for Meat, Seafood and Dairy products to follow closely.
Tetracyclines are used in major markets such as China, India & Mexico so
initial demand is expected to come from these key regions.
Diagnostics Business Manager Aaron Tohill said, "Trends show over the last few
years, that regulators have been increasingly concerned about developing human
antibiotic resistance via the food chain. For example in 2010 the US FDA
advised producers that antibiotics should be used solely for disease control,
phasing out growth promotion. Following that, in 2011 the EU embarked on a
major data study, and now with those findings published it is clear that industry
can expect further action.
"Although Biochip Array
Technology is trusted as a leading screening test for Tetracyclines within the
honey sector, we are aware that this market, as well as others demands a lower
volume solution. Reacting to that dynamic this new Immunoassay-based kit
provides a cost-effective screening solution for a wide variety of laboratories
and we are pleased to add it to our growing array of products.”